The Social Science Centre, Lincoln
An experiment in free, co-operative higher education
(Adapted from an article in Radical Philosophy 182)
The Social Science Centre (SSC) organises free higher education in Lincoln and is run by its members. It is a co-operative and was formally constituted in May 2011 with help from the local Co-operative Development Agency. There is no fee for learning or teaching, but most members voluntarily contribute to the Centre either financially or with their time. No one at the Centre receives a salary and all contributions are used to run the SSC. When students leave the SSC they can, if they wish, receive an award at higher education level. This award will be recognised and validated by the scholars who make up the SSC, as well as by our associate external members - academics around the world who have offered to act as our expert reviewers. The SSC has no formal connection with any higher education institution, but attempts to work closely with like-minded organisations in the city. We currently have around twenty active members and about fifty members in total.
The energy to create the SSC reached critical mass when we saw the writing on the wall for the funding of the social sciences and the further indenture of people wanting a higher education. The Browne Review was in full swing, Middlesex had lost its philosophy department, and we saw an 'urgent need' to build an alternative model of higher education that wasn't subject to the discipline of debt and the market, while at the same time protesting against the Coalition government's actions and fighting for funding to be restored. We also drew inspiration from the network of Social Centres that exist across Europe and the UK and thought that the SSC might be a model for a similar network of centres for higher education. That is still our hope.
In May 2015, we held our AGM, which marked four years as a formally constituted cooperative for higher education. During this time we have run an entry-level evening class called 'The Social Science Imagination' (after C. Wright-Mills's 1959 book The Sociological Imagination) as well as courses on 'Co-operative Education' and 'Do-It-Ourselves Research'. 'The Social Science Imagination' is an open course run by and for people who want to develop a critical understanding of the social world through social-scientific inquiry. The class proceeds from scholars' everyday problems to theoretical critique. Through this emerging curriculum, we take up Mills's key challenge: how can individuals who appear powerless change and transform wider social structures in ways that are progressive and humanising? Why does it matter that we learn to make links between our own private troubles and our more collective public issues? And how can we contextualise this work, as Mills suggests we must, as social theory and social history? The wide range of issues that emerges from this are documented, compiled, collectively coded and reorganised to form the basis for the coming year's programme of study.
Underpinning 'The Social Science Imagination' is the SSC's pedagogical approach, which attempts to fix the dysfunctional relationship between teaching and research that constitutes the core of higher education. We want to find ways to reconnect research and teaching, while at the same time removing the distinction between students and academics, seeing them both instead as scholars in the pursuit of creating new knowledge. We decided early on to refer to all members of the Centre as 'scholars' in an attempt to trouble the traditional relations of power between academics and students. Our experience within the SSC has confirmed our belief that teachers and students have much to learn from each other, and that calling these roles into question allows people to become aware of their position of privilege and/or subordination, and thus begins to open up possibilities to build more critically transformative learning relationships.
In addition to our courses, we have also run a photography project called 'Our Place, Our Priorities', which is a collaboration with the residents of the Pathways Centre, Lincoln. The aim of the project is to promote active citizenship by simultaneously celebrating the city and identifying priorities for change within it. We also organise periodic public seminars on themes of critical and radical education and politics.
Building and running the SSC is not without its difficulties. We are a social, political project that aims to be inclusive and appeal to those still at school and school leavers as well as retirees, part-time workers and the unemployed. How we communicate our work to different people and how we negotiate difference and dissent among ourselves are recurring questions. We are based in a small city; while there are fewer existing networks of solidarity than might exist in larger cities, there is also an intimacy and a proximity that provide possibilities for associational networks that might be diffused in larger cities. Most of us work full-time and cannot give the time to the SSC that we would like to. Without the material basis on which to work and study full-time at the SSC, we have to think creatively about the form and nature of education practised within the SSC. Do we have courses, semesters, students, teachers and assessments? What do they look like? How does it all work? These are all questions we have discussed at length in order to rethink the institutional form of higher education.
From the start, the SSC has been a political project with a particular organisational form. We are not all Marxists; nevertheless some of us have been inspired by Marx's recognition that workers' co-operatives 'attack the groundwork' of capitalism. We are 'knowledge workers' in the 'knowledge economy', and control over the production of knowledge, its institutional forms and organizing principles, is what gives the SSC its criticality, allowing for experimentation with different ways of teaching, learning, reflecting on our past, and creating our future.
We also therefore recognise that co-operation can't be sustained in isolation and that developing solidarity with other co-operatives, locally, nationally and internationally, must be part of our long-term vision. We participated in the first Free University Network meetings and invited the People's Political Economy project from Oxford to share their experience with us. We held the first 'Co-operation and Higher Education' conference, which attracted fifty delegates from around the UK, and we are currently running a project funded by the Independent Social Research Foundation (ISRF) to develop a model for co-operative higher education that over eighty academics, co-operators, students and activists have asked to participate in.
It was always our intention that the SSC would become international in scope. We imagined that 'associate members' living anywhere in the world would want to join the SSC and carry it forward, helping develop cooperative higher education and acting as peers to the members who run it day to day. Associates might support the SSC financially, but also through offering to assess work, provide specialist advice, and develop the cooperative model itself. As we write, we're trying to reach out for new members to work and study with us. We also hope to inspire thinking about the potential of the SSC as a model for something similar in your local area, which reflects your own scholarly interests.
Members of the Social Science Centre, Lincoln,
This is a revised version of an article first published in 2013.
For up to date information go to: http://socialsciencecentre.org.uk